calendar calendar

Contact us before you renew your Maintenance
Contract to get a competitive quote.


Enter your details below and we'll remind you with a competitive quote
before you reach your contract renewal date.

Full Name *
Please type your full name.
Email *
Invalid email address.
Organisation
Invalid Input
Telephone No. *
Invalid Input
Enter your contract renewal date *
Invalid Input
How many months notice is required?*
Invalid Input
Message
Invalid Input

* Mandatory information required

Please re-type the following characters in the box below:

   RefreshInvalid Input

Security FAQ & Glossary

 

AGC (Automatic Gain Control)
Automatically adjusts the video quality in low light condition.
Analogue (Analog)
Continuously variable numerical values such as voltage, current, etc.(The CCD camera produces analogue video signals.)
Angle of View
The scene angle that a video camera lens can show on the monitor, like Diagonal Angle, Horizontal Angle and Vertical Angle, usually described in degree.
Aperture
The light gathering area of a lens, controlled by the iris.
ARP
Address Resolution Protocol; for mapping an IP address to a physical machine address.
Aspect Ratio
The ratio of the vertical to the horizontal image size; 4:3 is the PAL standard.
Aspherical Lens
A lens designed with a non spherical shape so that it passes more lights or decreases barrel distortion on wide angle lenses.
Attenuation
A decrease or loss in a signal, usually measured in decibels.
Auto Terminating
Automatically select the correct termination depending on whether the video output is connected.
Auto White Balance (AWB)
Automatically adjusts a color camera's color to maintain white areas.
Auto-focus Lens
Automatically adjusts the lens focus from surrounding scene and keeps a moving object in focus.
Automatic Iris (Auto-iris)
A diaphragm device in the lens that adjusts to light level changes. The iris diaphragm opens or closes the aperture to control the amount of lights coming through the lens.
Automatic Level Control (ALC)
Allows the auto-iris circuitry to either take bright spots more into consideration (peak), bringing out detail in bright areas, or less into consideration (average) bringing out detail in shadows.
Back Light Compensation (BLC)
Electronically compensates for high background lighting to give detail which would normally be silhouetted.
Bandwidth
The capacity of the transmission medium stated in bits per second or as a frequency. Or, the amount of data that can be transmitted in a fixed amount of time. For digital devices, the bandwidth is usually expressed in bits per second(bps) or bytes per second. For analog devices, the bandwidth is expressed in cycles per second, or Hertz (Hz).
Baud
A unit of measurement that denotes the number of bits that can be transmitted per second. For example, if a modem is rated at 9600 baud it is capable of transmitting data at a rate of 9600 bits per second.
Bit
Abbreviated with small "b". Binary Digit. The smallest unit of data in a computer.
Blanking
The process whereby the beam in a CRT is cut off during the retrace period.
BNC
Bayonet Neil-Concelman or British Naval Connector. A connector widely used in the CCTV industry, usually for coaxial cable. Easy to install and reliable with little video signal loss. Pictures of BNC Connectors
bps
Bits Per Second is the unit used for measuring line speed, the number of information units transmitted per second.
Brightness Control
The manual bias control on a cathode ray tube or other display device that controls the average brightness and the contrast of a picture.
Byte
Abbreviated with capital "B". A unit of data that is eight bits long and is used by most computers to represent a character such as a letter, number or symbol.
C-Mount
An industry standard for lens mounting. C-Mount is 1-inch diameter with 32 threads per inch. A C-Mount lens needs C-ring when it is mounted at a CS-Mount camera.
Camera format
Video camera's CCD chips format; 2/3", 1/3", 1/4", etc.
Camera Sensor
Video image sensor. CCD or C-MOS chip.
CCD
Charge Coupled Device. A video image sensor chip.
CCIR
International Radio Consultative Committee; has made the technical recommendation for the European 625 line standard for video signals.
CCTMA
Closed Circuit Television Manufacturers Association.
CCTV
CCTV (Closed Circuit Television) is a Television system that sends a signal to one or more monitors rather than broadcasting over a public network, hence closed-circuit. A standard CCTV system will normally include a CCTV camera (for capturing video), transmitters and receivers (to transfer the video from the source to where it is recorded), a recording system (for video playback), and a monitor (for video monitoring). CCTV systems are primarily used for security purposes inside and outside buildings. However, they can also be used for specialist applications such as mobile police use and interrogation.
CMOS
Complementary - Metal Oxide Semiconductor. A video image sensor chip that produces much lower quality picture than CCD chip.
Coaxial Cable
A cable that can carry a wide range of frequencies with very low signal loss. It consists of a metallic shield with a single wire placed along the center of a shield and isolated from the shield by an insulator.
Colour Saturation
The degree of mixture of a color and white. High saturation means little or no white.
Composite Video Signal
A combined signals in a television transmission. The picture signal, blanking signal, and vertical/horizontal synchronizing signals are all combined.
CRT
Cathode Ray Tube. The vacuum tube part of a monitor or television.
CS-Mount
An industry standard for lens mounting. CS-Mount is 1 inch diameter with 32 threads per inch. A C-Mount lens needs C-ring when it is mounted at a CS-Mount camera.
De-multiplexer
Decodes multiplexed live or recorded video to allow pictures to be viewed in full or multi-screen format.
Decibel (Db)
The power or voltage ratio of two signals.
DIN
Multi-wire cable with DIN connectors at both ends. Usually has 5 or 6 inner wires. Different diameter and configuration from maker to maker.
DIP Switches
Dual Interface Poll switches usually allow you to change the configuration of a circuit board to suit your application.
DSL
Digital Subscriber Line. A technology for bringing higher-bandwidth information to homes and businesses over ordinary copper telephone lines.
DVR
Digital Video Recorder; records video pictures digitally.
Dwell Time
The length of time a switcher displays one camera before sequencing to the next.
EIA
Electronic Industries Association. American standard for B/W camera system.
ELC (Electronic Light Control)
Compensates for moderate light changes in indoor applications without the use of auto iris lenses. Select this mode when a fixed iris lens or manual iris lens is used.
Electronic Shutter
Compensates for moderate light changes in indoor applications without the use of auto iris lenses.
Ethernet
The most widely installed Local Area Network (LAN) technology. Specified in a standard IEEE802.3.10/100 BASE-T, the most commonly installed Ethernet system, provides transmission speed up to 100 megabits per second.
f-number (f-stop)
Optical or lens speed. Smaller f-number means faster lens.
Fiber-Optic Cable
One of the video transmission ways, being used for a long distance transmission up to miles.
Field
One video frame is composed of two fields; one field consists of the odd numbered lines in the frame and the other field consists of the even numbered lines.
Field Of View
FOV. The width, height or diameter of a scene to be monitored. Usually determined by the focal length of a lens, the sensor format and the distance to the objects.
Flash Memory
Or flash RAM (Random Access Memory). A type of constantly powered nonvolatile memory that can be erased and reprogrammed in units of memory called blocks.
Focal Length
FL. The distance from the center of a lens (or, the secondary principal point, if it has) to the focal point (sensor). The longer the focal length, the narrower is the angle of view.
Frame
A whole video image; is composed of two interlaced fields. A CCD chip produces 30 frames per second at NTSC system and 25 frames at PAL.
FTP
File Transfer Protocol. A way to exchange files between computers on the Internet.
Gamma
Degree of contrast in a video picture between output magnitude and input magnitude.
GB
Gigabyte.
Genlock
A device that adjusts the frequency of internal sync to an external data.
Ghost
A shadowy or weak image in the received picture, offset to either the right or to the left of the primary image.
Hub
As a network product, a hub may include a group of modem cards for dial-in users, a gateway card for connections to a Local Area Network (LAN), and a connection to a line.
Hz (Hertz)
Cycles per second.
Impedance
Electrical characteristic of a system or component, expressed in ohms. CCTV industry has standardized 75-ohm impedance.
Infrared (IR) Light
Invisible light beyond the 750 nanometers(red end of the visible lights).
INT
Internal sync mode that sets to internal 2:1 interlace.
IP
Internet Protocol. A set of rules to send and receive messages at the Internet address level.
Iris
An adjustable opto-mechanical aperture built into a camera that controls the amount of lights coming through the lens.
ISDN
Integrated Service Digital Network. A set of standard for digital transmission over ordinary telephone copper wire.
JPEG
Joint Photographic Experts Group. A graphic image file or a image compression algorithm.
Kb
Kilobyte
Kbps
Kilobits per second. A measure of bandwidth.
LAN
Local Area Network. A group of computers and associated devices that share a common communications line.
LED
Light Emitting Diode.
Lens Mount
The area where a lens is mounted. There are two types; C- or CS-Mount.
Lens Speed
Optical speed, expressed by f-number. Smaller f-number means faster lens.
Linux
An UNIX-like operating system. Very efficient and fast-performing system.
LL
Line Lock mode
LUX
Lumens per Square Meter; unit of illumination amount.
MB
Megabyte
Mbps
Megabits per second. A measure of bandwidth.
Mini-DIN
Multi-wire cable with Mini-DIN connectors at both ends. Usually has 4 inner wires.
Monochrome Signal
Black and White signal.
MOS
Metal-oxide Semiconductor. One of video image chips like CCD, but it produces lower quality video.
Motorised Lens
A camera lens equipped with small electric motor that enables focusing lens, opening or closing the iris diaphragm, or changing the focal length.
MPEG
Moving Picture Experts Group. A standard for a digital video & audio compression.
MUX
Combines two or more video/audio signals into one channel. Usually accepts 10 or 16 video inputs and displays them in various formats.
Noise
Undesired signals that corrupt the original video signals and may reduce the image quality.
NTSC
National Television System Committee; formulates standards for American color television system. NTSC system has 525 horizontal scan lines and 30 frames per second.
PAL
Phase Alternating Line system. A color television system used in Europe, Australia, parts of Africa and the Middle East. It has 625 horizontal scan lines and 25 frames per second.
Pan
Rotating or scanning a camera side ways to view an area in a horizontal direction.
Pan and Tilt
A Camera mounting device that allows movement in both side ways and up or down.
Peak-to-Peak
The amplitude difference between the most positive and the most negative excursions of a signal.
Picture Element (Pixel)
Photo sensor site in an image sensor like CCD chip; converts the input light image to an electronic signal.
Pinhole Lens
A lens with a relatively small front opening so it can be used in covert application.
Pixel
Picture Element. Photo sensor site in a image sensor like CCD chip; converts the input light image to an electronic signal.
PPP
Point-to-Point Protocol. For communications between two computers using a serial interface.
PPPoE
Point-to-Point Protocol over Ethernet.
Presets
The pre-positioning of pan, tilt and zoom cameras by the use of potentiometers in the moving parts of the camera head. These allow the control equipment to store and move to a set reference point when the controller dictates or when an alarm exists.
PSTN
Public Switched Telephone Network.
Quad Splitter
Combines up to 4 video inputs into one channel and displays them on one monitor screen split into 4.
RAM
Random Access Memory. The place in a computer where the operating system, application programs, and data in current use are kept temporarily so that they can be quickly reached by the computer's processor.
RCA
The Radio Corporation of America; conveniently used to describe phono jack and plug, one of the audio/video connectors.
RG59/U Cable
One of coaxial cables suitable for video transmission in CCTV system.
Router
A device on the Internet that determines the next network point to which a data should be forwarded.
RS-232 Port
Transmits luminance and color portions separately, using multiple wires, thus avoiding the color encoding
S-Video
Transmits luminance and color portions separately, using multiple wires, thus avoiding the color encoding process and its inevitable loss of picture quality.
SECAM
Sequential Couleur A'Memorie, a color television system used in France, Russia and other countries that do not use either the NTSC or PAL system. It has 625 horizontal scan lines and 25 frames per second.
Sequential Switcher
Video Switcher. A device that allows the video signals from multiple cameras to be displayed on a monitor, or recorded on a VCR one at a time in sequence.
Server
A computer program that provides services to other computer programs in the same or other computers. Or, the computer that a server program runs.
Signal-to-Noise(S/N) Ratio
The ratio between the television signal and the noise; expressed in decibel(dB). The higher the number the better.
SMTP
Simple Mail Transfer Protocol. TCP/IP used in sending and receiving e-mail.
SVHS (Super Video Home System)
Super VHS; a higher quality extension of the VHS home videotape format.
Switcher
Sequential Switcher or Video Switcher. A device that allows the video signals from multiple cameras to be displayed on a monitor, or recorded on a VCR one at a time in sequence.
TCP
Transmission Control Protocol. A set of rules to exchange messages with other Internet points at the information packet level.
TCP/IP
Transmission Control Protocol / Internet Protocol. The basic communication language or protocol of the Internet.
Time / Date Generator
Installed between a CCTV camera and a monitor, it generates the information of Date, Time and camera ID.
Time Lapse VCR
A video recorder that can be set to record continuously over long period of time. This can be anything from two hours to 960 hours.
VHS
Victor Home System; used by most VCRs as the recording medium - 240 lines resolution.
Video Band
The frequency band used to transmit a composite video signal.
Video Switcher
Switcher or Sequential Switcher. A device that allows the video signals from multiple cameras to be displayed on a monitor, or recorded on a VCR one at a time in sequence.
Videocassette Recorder (VCR)
A device that accepts signals from a video camera/microphone and records video/audio on magnetic tape in a cassette. The VCR can play back recorded video/audio on a television set or CCTV monitor.
WAN
Wide Area Network.
Web Camera (or Web Camera Server)
A CCTV Camera with built-in web server computer.
Web Server
The computer program (housed in a computer) that serves requested HTML pages or files.
Zoom Lens
A lens of continuously variable focal length.
Clearview Communications Ltd
Robjohns Road
Widford Industrial Estate
Chelmsford
Essex CM1 3AG
United Kingdom
Clearview Communications Ltd
Robjohns Road
Widford Industrial Estate
Chelmsford
Essex CM1 3AG
United Kingdom
accreditations